CRP, short for Conservation Reserve Program, is a voluntary program available to agricultural producers to help them safeguard environmentally sensitive land. The purpose of CRP is to reduce erosion, increase wildlife habitat, and improve water quality through the application of conservation practices.
The landowner sets aside cropland with annual rental payments. Some practices include filter strips, riparian buffers, shelterbelts, wellhead protection, and many others. Eligibility varies by soil type and crop history.
For general signups, land is accepted into the program if the offer qualifies. Continuous signup is open for buffers, waterways, and environmental practices at all times. Contract is for 10-15 years depending on the type of practice.